EDUCATION AND CULTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EAST AFRICA
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EDUCATION AND CULTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EAST AFRICA
Annotation
PII
S0321-50750000616-3-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
42-46
Abstract
At first the authors speak about changes in the education system in the late colonial and post-colonial period, which was characterized by: a massive expansion of educational institutions of all levels; a provision of technical and professional instruction and Africanization of the curricula and professions. Africans were opposed to colonial education from the start. Because of that education has become an aspect of politics, and the missionaries provided very little literary education. Hence, all the African political association in one way or another took education as one of their major concerns.Speaking about culture and its influence upon the development they apply to the Tanzanian case which illustrates that culture is based on ecological systems, structure, socio-historical processes and within different environments interacted creating layers of cultural identities. Africans and Arabs interacted and created Swahili culture though with diverse identities. Tanzania aimed at harmonization of development and culture through the “Ujamaa” concept as culture was perceived as a tool for development.In conclusion the authors point out that according to UNESCO, placing culture at the heart of development policy constitutes an essential investment in the world’s future and a pre-condition to successful globalization process that take into account the principles of cultural diversity.They also underline that education plays a major role in nation building, especially by producing professional elites in the various fields. It suffices to note that, what kind of development the region envisages is dependent on the question of regional identity, which in essence, is a cultural question. Education and culture have become agents for national development and regional integration.
Keywords
education, culture, East Africa, communities, national development
Date of publication
01.02.2016
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0
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484
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Additional sources and materials

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