The Worldviews and Identities of the Mass Strata of Modern Russian Society
Table of contents
Share
QR
Metrics
The Worldviews and Identities of the Mass Strata of Modern Russian Society
Annotation
PII
S0321-50750000617-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Abstract
This article analyzes the worldviews and identities of the three basic strata of Russian society, identified by drawing on Max Weber’s ideas of positive and negative privileges. By analyzing data from two all-Russian surveys carried out by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2015 and 2018, I demonstrate that these strata differ from each other not only in terms of their well-being, occupational and educational structure, but also in terms of their identities, social self, norm and value systems, as well as their attitudes and the perception of the current situation in Russia. While the lower and the middle strata are relatively similar to each other, the upper stratum (about 20% of Russians) stands out with its pronouncedly specific identities, planning horizons, the prevalence of nonconformist attitudes and the type of locus control. The life goals of the representatives of the top stratum are much more achievement-oriented, and their assessment of the situation in Russia, unlike those of the rest of Russians, is quite optimistic. This stratum is also quite specific in that it demands from the state advance breakthroughs in the areas of science and high-tech industries. Its representatives much less commonly exhibit solidarity attitudes, and more often stigmatize the poor. The specific worldviews and the norm and value systems of the upper stratum are also reflected in its behavioral strategies. I conclude that the strata identified correspond to the definition of classes in their neo-Weberian interpretation, and within this social structure model the upper stratum can be considered as the middle class with a pronounced specificity not only of its objective, but also subjective, characteristics.
Keywords
social stratification, social structure, life chances, stratification model, strata, social reproduction, identities, social status
Date of publication
01.01.2020
Number of purchasers
12
Views
1147
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for
1

References



Additional sources and materials

Anikin V.A. (2018) Sotsial'naya stratifikatsiya po zhiznennym shansam: popytka operatsi­onalizatsii dlya massovykh oprosov // Monitoring obschestvennogo mneniya: Ehkonomi­cheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny. № 4. S. 39–67.27 
Golenkova Z.T. (red.) (2015) Naemnyj rabotnik v sovremennoj Rossii. M.: Novyj khronograf.
Gorshkov M.K., Li Pehjlinya, Kozyreva P.M., Tikhonova N.E. (red.) (2018) Srednedokhod­nye sloi v Rossii i Kitae: polozhenie, dinamika, osobennosti mirovozzreniya. M.: Novyj khronograf.
Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (red.) (2017) Rossijskoe obschestvo i vyzovy vremeni. Kniga pyataya. M.: Ves' Mir.
Danilova E.N., Yadov V.A. (2004) Nestabil'naya sotsial'naya identichnost' kak norma sovre­mennykh obschestv // Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya. № 10. S. 27–30.
Zhvitiashvili A.Sh. (2015) Sotsial'no-klassovaya struktura rossijskogo obschestva: ten­dentsii razvitiya // Vlast'. № 4. S. 64–69.
Karavaj A.V. (2019) Osnovnye modeli sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskoj adaptatsii v raznykh stratakh rossijskogo obschestva // Terra Economicus. № 3. S. 32–41.
Mareeva S.V. (2018) Zhiznennye shansy zhitelej stolits i provintsij v massovom sozna­nii // Monitoring obschestvennogo mneniya: Ehkonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny. № 6. S. 365–385.
Semenova V.V., Chernysh M.F., Van'ke A.V. (red.) (2017) Sotsial'naya mobil'nost' v Ros­sii: pokolencheskij aspekt. M.: Institut sotsiologii RAN.
Tikhonova N.E. (2014) Sotsial'naya struktura Rossii: teorii i real'nost'. M.: Novyĭkhro­nograf, Institut sotsiologii RAN.
Tikhonova N.E. (red.) (1) (2018) Model' dokhodnoj stratifikatsii rossijskogo obschestva: dinamika, faktory, mezhstranovye sravneniya. M.: Nestor-Istoriya.
Tikhonova N.E. (2) (2018) Stratifikatsiya po zhiznennym shansam massovykh sloev sovremen­nogo rossijskogo obschestva // Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya. № 6. C. 53–65.
Tikhonova N.E. (2019) «Negativnaya stabilizatsiya» i faktory dinamiki blagosostoyaniya na­seleniya v postkrizisnoj Rossii // Sotsiologicheskij zhurnal. T. 25. № 1. S. 129–142.
Toschenko Zh.T. (2018) Prekariat: ot protoklassa k novomu klassu. M.: Nauka.
Chernysh M.F. (2014) Tsivilizatsionnye osnovaniya obschestva i sotsial'naya struktura // Sotsiologicheskij zhurnal. № 3. S. 6–32.
Shkaratan O. I. (2012) Sotsiologiya neravenstva. Teoriya i real'nost'. M.: VShEh.
Shkaratan O.I., Yastrebov G.A. (2008) Rossijskoe neoehtakraticheskoe obschestvo i ego stra­tifikatsiya // Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya. № 11. S. 40–50.
Anikin V.A., Lezhnina Y.P., Mareeva S., Tikhonova N.E. (2017) Social Stratification by Life Chances: Evidence from Russia. Working paper WP BRP. No. 80/SOC/2017.
Beck U. (2009) World at Risk, Cambridge: Polity.
Dahrendorf R. (1979) Life Chances: Approaches to Social and Political Theory, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Daston L. (2008) Life, Chance & Life Chances // Daedalus, vol. 137, no 1, pp. 5–14.
Goldthorpe J.H., Llewellyn C., Payne C. (1987) Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain (2 ed.), Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Scott J. (2002) Social Class and Stratification in Late Modernity // Acta Sociologica, vol. 45, no 1, pp. 23–35.
Standing G. (2011) The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class, London: A&C Black.
Tumin M.M. (1973) Patterns of Society: Identities, Roles, Resources, Boston, MA: Little, Brown.
Weber M. ([1924] 1978) Economy and Society, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wright E.O. (1997) Class Counts: Comparative Studies in Class Analysis, Cambridge Cambridge University Press.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate