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Not long ago Tanzania was regarded in the scientific studies as an “Island of peace” against constant civil strife in other East African countries. However incidents of violence that exploded in the late 2012 and continued through the whole 2013 in the mainland as well as on Zanzibar, demonstrate how fragile and unstable was the situation.So the need arises to find and explain the factors that have contributed to the current situation. The paper explores in detail the events of 2012-2013 linking them to the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations.
Tanzania, Muslim-Christian relationship, extremist and terrorist organizations, sheikh Ponda Issa Ponda, Uamsho, Ansar Sunna, al Hijra
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