THE WORLD ORDER TRANSFORMATION AND THE SYRIA CRISIS: ROLE AND POTENTIAL OFSYRIANEMIGRANT OPPOSITION STRUCTURES
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THE WORLD ORDER TRANSFORMATION AND THE SYRIA CRISIS: ROLE AND POTENTIAL OFSYRIANEMIGRANT OPPOSITION STRUCTURES
Annotation
PII
S0321-50750000616-3-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Maria Khodynskaya-Golenishcheva 
Pages
11-15
Abstract
The paper explores development of the Syrian opposition emigrant structures between 2015-2017. The author makes a special focus on foreign sponsors (United States of America, European Union, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey) efforts to learn from the mistakes made during former attempts to create emigrant opposition organizations (Syrian National Council, National Coalition of Opposition and Revolutionary Forces), so that these structures could on later stage take part in inter-Syrian negotiations as "legitimate" structures of Bashar Assad opponents. The article also speaks about differences and internal strife in the emigrant opposition structures and links them with competition between the sponsors of these groups - regional states (mainly Saudi Arabia, on the one hand, and Qatar and Turkey - on the other). Special attention goes to ideological platforms of opposition organization as part of their foreign supporters politics. Thus, a conclusion is reached that these platforms are far from intra-Syrian agenda. The paper also speaks about attempts to merge political and military wings of opposition structures in order to create a unified block and sideline other Assad's opponents structures, including Moscow and Cairo platforms. The author concentrates on the augmented role of non-traditional foreign players on Syrian opposition file - Russian and Egypt - in terms of projecting influence on opponents of the regime. The latter is important to comprehend the tendencies of international relations system transformation to being a polycentric one. Part of this tendency is augmentation of Russia's role but also the role of countries of the region in the process of Syrian settlement.
Keywords
Syria, Middle East, international relations system, foreign policy, Syrian crisis, world order transformation
Date of publication
01.02.2018
Number of purchasers
5
Views
224
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References



Additional sources and materials

1. UN Security Council 2254 resolution. 18 December 2015. S/RES/2054 (2015).
2. Final Communique of the Action Group for Syria. 30 June 2012.
3. Final Statement of the Conference of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces. Riyadh, 10 December, 2015.
4. Transcript of Stakeout by UN Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura. Geneva, 6 September, 2017.
5. Press Statement. Committee for Democratic Change. Damascus, 13 June, 2017.
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7. Letter to the President of the Security Council of the United Nations, H.E. Mr. Elbio Rosselli. Chargj d’affaires, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations. New York, 1 January, 2016.
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