ECOWAS AND THE PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL PEACEKEEPING (ON THE 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ECOWAS)
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ECOWAS AND THE PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL PEACEKEEPING (ON THE 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ECOWAS)
Annotation
PII
S0321-50750000616-3-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
37-43
Abstract
The Economic Community of West African States was established in 1975 with the aim of achieving economic integration of the region. However, for a number of objective and subjective reasons (a very low level of economic development of the member countries, the same single-commodity export specialization, political differences between the leaders of the member countries), the task of expanding economic cooperation has been replaced by the one of resolving security issues in individual countries - members of the Community and in the region as a whole.This article discusses the role of the ECOWAS peacekeeping force - ECOMOG - in mitigating political and military crises in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cфte d’Ivoire and Mali and considers diplomatic and peacekeeping activities of the leaders of the Community. It highlights, in particular, deep divisions within the leadership of the organization, the presence of which could not but affect the progress and results of peacekeeping missions, as well as the problems ECOMOG encountered: the lack of financial resources and other material assets, a low level of training of the troops, narrow mandate, the lack of understanding of the causes of the conflict in the destination country, etc.Particular attention is paid to the role of Nigeria - the largest (by population) West African country - as the initiator of the foundation and the main sponsor and driving force of the ECOWAS.
Keywords
ECOWAS, economic integration, political conflicts, regional security, peacekeeping missions, ECOMOG
Date of publication
01.09.2015
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0
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67
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