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The article summarizes the most popular theoretical approaches to gender inequality in Islamic societies, and particularly in the Arab countries. Gender inequity in the region is a matter of international concern in Academia and among politicians, though it is still understudied due to the lack of reliable empirical data. Scholars study the problem of female mequality in predominantly Islamic societies from cultural and religious, historical, economic and institutional, and critically feminist standpoints. However, the discourse that could unite those approaches is yet young, which leads to obvious lacunae in academic knowledge.
gender inequality, women in Islam, feminist critique, women in the Arab countries
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