EVENTS IN ETHIOPIA IN 1974-1975: A REVOLUTION OR SOMETHING ELSE?
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EVENTS IN ETHIOPIA IN 1974-1975: A REVOLUTION OR SOMETHING ELSE?
Annotation
PII
S0321-50750000579-2-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Pages
63-67
Abstract
The article analyses the socio-political characteristics of the events in Ethiopia that occurred in 1974-1975. Usually these events are called a revolution (or even two revolutions - February and September). However, there are serious reasons to believe that the events described do not fully correspond to the most general criteria of the concept of «revolution». The most important causes of what happened in Ethiopia in 1974-1975 include the growing contradictions around the system of land tenure and land ownership, interethnic friction and the loss of the social base of the monarchical regime. Characterizing the events described as revolutionary, we can name the strong appeal of the new authorities to agrarian and ethnic problems, the removal of a significant number of restrictions for peasants and ethnic minorities. The key documents of the so-called «Derg» (the Coordination Committee of the Armed Forces, then the Supreme Military Administrative Council) declared broad rights in the educational and information spheres for ethnic groups, recognized the limited right to self-determination. At the same time, much of the declared was never really implemented. Moreover, some continuity of the positions of the «new» and «old» authorities on the Eritrean problem was traced. The most significant objection to the use of the term «revolution» is that the military as a social group pushed the remaining strata from the control process. At the initial stage of the dismantling of the imperial regime, trade unions, religious and student organizations actively joined the process, but then lost influence or were dissolved. This demonstrates a narrow social base of the Derg transformations. Thus, the events in Ethiopia in 1974-1975 need proper conceptual reflection, and the article can be considered an invitation to a discussion.
Keywords
Ethiopia, revolution, the Derg, empire
Date of publication
01.04.2018
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0
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48
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