"Asia and Africa today"
- is a scientificl monthly journal (in Russian)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Included in Russian Science Citation Index on
WoS platform, and EBSCO Publishing.
ISSN 0321-5075
Published since July 1957.

Post-graduate Tribune

INNOVATION AND NIGERIA'S HEGEMONIC POSITION IN AFRICA: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES

DOI: 10.31857/S032150750005167-5

Enenimibo-ofori M. BRIGGS, Post-graduate student (Innovation Management), RUDN University, Russia ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

Kafilat M. ADEBAYO, Post-graduate student (International Relations), RUDN University, Russia ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

    The end of the Cold War heralded twists and turns in international political systems with a shift from the US-led unipolar system to new world orders emanating from different regions of the global community. The US lackluster zeal and sometimes lack of capacity in tackling major global challenges has reciprocally induced the proliferation of a range of regional actors like China, Brazil, Russia, European Union (EU), Nigeria and South Africa. Expectedly, there is a high level of responsibility to provide the right leadership framework to foster regional and international stability and stimulate growth and development in these regions and the entire international system.

 

    In view of the above, this article analyzes Nigeria’s hegemonic position in Africa, putting into context Nigeria’s economic size and influence, the immensity of Nigeria’s population, the abundance of mineral deposits, especially crude oil and natural gas reserves, and military capabilities. The study examines the power dynamics of the African continent with insights from Nigeria’s foreign policy. Also included in the study is the critical examination of Nigeria’s perceived hegemonic influence in Africa using hegemonic stability theory influence as a theoretical framework.

    The paper further argues that although Nigeria has great potentials in innovation and science diplomacy, its innovation capabilities lack the necessary components needed for continental hegemonic disposition, considering the fact that there is not enough empirical evidence to indicate that it contextually suits the African continent. Nigeria’s approach towards science and diplomacy is being influenced by its past, present and future projections as well as its local and external environment.

Keywords: Nigeria, hegemonic stability theoryregional hegemonregional power, innovation, foreign policy