"Asia and Africa today"
- is a scientificl monthly journal (in Russian)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Included in Russian Science Citation Index on
WoS platform, and EBSCO Publishing.
ISSN 0321-5075
Published since July 1957.

 

 "Asia and Africa today" № 10 2014

 

Azia Afrika 10-2014s

 

 Top Problem

MILITARY AGAIN IN POWER: ELECTIONS IN EGYPT by A.M.Vasiliev, Academician; A.V.Korotaev, Dr.Sc. (History); L.M.Isaev
Keywords: Egypt, «Muslim Brotherhood», Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, army
In May 2014 presidential elections took place in Egypt. The military took control over political process. The former Defense Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was elected the new President of the country.
The authors believe that the fall of the M.Mursi’s regime was logical and explain why. It is pointed out that, due to the fact that the United States have bet on «The Brothers», Americans found themselves in embarrassing situations, weakened their position in Egypt. In such circumstances for the Egyptian generals it was convenient to find Russia as an acceptable partner.
Now in Egypt, there is an increasing influence of the military power which has resulted from the “revolution of 30 June”. In fact it’s absolutely the same forces came to power which were at the helm until the revolution.

POVERTY AND HUNGER - THE VERGE OF GLOBALIZATION by An.A.Gromyko, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: poverty, famine, globalization, the UN Charter, sobiglobalny conflict, multiculturalism
Poverty and hunger are the ugly face of globalization, which were always accompanying the mankind. The entire second half of the twentieth century has witnessed many attempts to defeat famine, to put an end to a situation in which hundreds of millions of people are not able to secure a dignified existence. However, these targets have not been achieved.
The author analyzes the reasons why poverty is still widespread, not only in developing countries, many of which are the poorest, but also in countries held, even the richest ones, where it seemingly should not to be.

 

 Policy, Economy

PRIORITIES OF THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC POLICY OF INDIA by N.V.Galishcheva, Dr.Sc. (Economics)
Keywords: India, liberalization of the economy, foreign policy, «Look East»
The article deals with the main directions of Indian external economic policy in 1990-2010s, the main aim of which is the country’s integration into the world economy. The author draws attention to weakening position of Russia in the Indian external economic policy’s priority system in
1990-2000s and to the fact that Russia hasn’t got powerful instruments for widening cooperation with India like those of the USA, the EU, Japan, China and the ASEAN-countries have. This has been revealed on the basis of statistical data and analysis of economic cooperation between India and these states.
The mutual cooperation with the above-mentioned states is developing on a wide range of areas: from environment and health-care system to biotechnology, ICT, space sector and civil nuclear power engineering. The author indicates that perspectives of the Indo-Russian partnership heavily depend on the progress of economic effectiveness in Russia.

RUSSIA AND CHINA IN EURASIAN TRANSPORT CORRIDOR by S.L.Sazonov, PhD (Economics). Part II
Keywords: Trans-Siberian railway, international corridor of transit, transit potential, transport infrastructure, Joint Russian transport highway
At the beginning of the XXI century the Pacific Rim, that are the lands around the Rim of the Pacific Ocean has become one of key areas which is actively involved in global geopolitics. The region turned into a busy intersection where different economic interests intersect and through which the strategically important transport communications go.
The process of world globalization is accompanied by expansion of interstate economic relations, by increasing of trade, scientific and technological cooperation, involvement in turnover of new retail markets. All this can not be done without a corresponding change of national and international transport infrastructure.

 

REVOLT IN THE ARABIAN WORLD: CROPS AND SHOOTS

TARGET GADDAFI: “LIBYAN CAMPAIGN” IN THE MASS MEDIA by E.I.Doroshenko, PhD (Linguistics)
Keywords: Libya, Gaddafi, USA, media campaign
The article describes the information campaign launched by the leading international mass media before the military intervention by NATO in Libya in 2011. The article discusses the connection between the major ideological points conveyed by the media, and the decisions made on Libya by the UN Security Council, i.e., Resolutions 1970 and 1973. There is a general description of the evolution of the US- perceived “external threat”, supposedly coming from the MENA region: from “terrorism” to “dictatorship”. The symbolic meaning of Muammar Gaddafi’s death is described against the background of the similar precedent, namely, the

SUDAN AFTER THE SPLIT OF THE COUNTRY: SEEKING TO RESOLVE THE CRISIS by S.V.Kostelyanets, PhD (Political Sciences)
Keywords: Sudan, Republic of South Sudan, economic crisis, political conflicts, oil, gold, Persian Gulf countries
The paper examines the socio-economic and political situation in northern Sudan after the separation of South Sudan. It argues that the country’s political context is characterized by instability, the continuation of armed conflicts on the periphery and complex relationship with the new southern neighbor. At the same time, the country is experiencing a severe economic crisis, which is mainly a result of the loss of oil revenue after the country’s split.

REGULATION OF WATER PROBLEMS IN THE BASIN OF THE RIVER MEKONG by E.A.Borisova, PhD (History)
Keywords: Mekong, Mekong River Commission, fishery, hydropower, agriculture
Article is devoted to consideration of existing mechanisms of regulation of water problems in the basin of Mekong river. The role of Mekong River Commission is analized. The special attention is paid to the influence of the Chinese projects on development of hydropower projects of the Lower Mekong. The complex of the problems connected with usage of water resources is considered in this paper. The article deals in detail with complicated interdependence of a number of branches, linked with river’s system: fishery, hydropower and agrarian sphere.

TOURISM IN THE ECONOMY OF THE TIBET AUTONOMOUS REGION by Chang Pi Yu (Taiwan)
Keywords: Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), China’s tourism industry, inbound tourism, intra-China tourism, religious tourism, the tourism industry’s problems
The article deals with the development of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) through the active use of tourism potential of the region. There are numerous historical monuments, unique nature which are attractive for tourists from around the world. The author describes the new, highly promising areas of local tourism - such as treatment tourism, recreation, sports tourism and tourism of interests. The ways to improve mutual understanding between tourists and indigenous peoples, and the use of international experience in the development of tourism are also analyzed.

 

 Scientific Life

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF AFRICANISTS ON CHANGING ROLE OF AFRICA by N.A.Zherlitsyna, PhD (History)
Keywords: XIII Conference of Africanists
According to the established tradition once every three years at the Institute for African Studies a conference of Africanists is held on the occasion of Africa Day, celebrated on 25 May.
XIII Conference «Society and Politics in Africa: constant, changing, the new» took place on 27-30 May 2014 in Moscow. Historians, economists, political scientists, sociologists, environmentalists, linguists and anthropologists shared the latest results of their research, discuss a wide range of contemporary problems of Africa at the meetings of 53 panels.

 

 Russia and The East

RUSSIA AND JAPAN: INTERACTION OF YOUTH by D.V.Kiba, PhD (History), Komsomolsk-na-Amure State Technical University
Keywords: Russian-Japanese Commission on Youth Exchanges, Japan-Russia Youth Exchange Center, Society of «Russia-Japan»
The article examines forms of intercommunion of Russian and Japanese youth at the end of XX - beginning of XXI century. The activities of the Japanese-Russian Center for youth exchanges and the main aspects of its work are analyzed. The dynamics of youth exchanges organized by the center in 1999- 2013 is revealed. The activities of the Japanese club «Hippo Family Club» and of private educational institutions of the Russian Far East which are specializing on development of youth interaction is examined.

RUSSIAN IN GOA by T.N.Zagorodnikova, PhD (History)
Keywords: India, Goa
The article is depicting Indian popular resort Goa. The Russians come here to spend their holidays, some of them catch Goa-syndrome and return repeatedly every year or stay there forever. There are several ways for such persons to earn their living or even to begin business, though illegally. The author stresses complicated relations existing now between the Russians and local population and the attitude of Indian authorities to penetration of Russian mafia to Goa.

 

 Post-Graduate Column

THE IMPACT OF INTEGRATION ON FLOWS OF INVESTMENTS: ASEAN EXPERIENCE by Yu.A.Vasina, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok
Keywords: regional economic integration, regional trade agreements, free trade zone, foreign direct investment, ASEAN
There is a trend of increase in the number of regional integration agreements in modern global economy, which are the basis of the establishment and functioning of the regional economic integration associations of the states. Practice of their operation shows that this kind of integration has a direct impact on various aspects of economic development either of the individual integrated countries or of the regional integration as a whole. In this paper, impact of regional economic integration on attracting of foreign direct investments is highlighted, that is based on the analysis of scientific concepts of foreign researchers.

 

 History Pages

CHINA IN THE PERIOD OF BEGINNING OF REFORMS. DIARY NOTES by Yu.V.Chudodeyev, PhD (History). Part 1
Keywords: China, economic reforms, Fudan University, Sino-Soviet relations
For last several decades rise of China has become the most conspicuous case of acceleration of history in socioeconomic field. Therefore the first steps of the country on the road of reforms deserve a lot of attention. Indeed, there are many documents, books and other sources on this subject.
The author, a lifetime Sinologist, visited the country in 1966 in the heyday of Red Guards’ rampage and then 20 years later when for Chinese that period had become an uneasy piece of the history. He found quite a different country full novice’s entrepreneurial spirit, desire to acquire Western technologies and to some degree even Western behaviors and way of life.

 

 Culture, Literature, Art

CONFESSION OF «HONEST HEART» by S.V.Prozhogina, Dr.Sc. (Philology)
Keywords: contemporary Moroccan literature, Fatuma Dzherrari Benabdenbi, the story «The air women», the emergence of women’s awareness
Fragments of the story of the Moroccan writer Fatuma Dzherrari Benabdenbi «Air women» written in French are published in our magazine in translation of S.V.Prozhogina.
The story has a lot of shades, but the meaning of all of them is the same: to recreate a trace female presence on the land, to capture the moment of her appearance, her heyday, the maturation of their hopes, her understanding of women’s purpose in this world, pain of unjust insults and joy of love.

 

 Book Review

HOW BRICS INTERACTS WITH AFRICA by A.Yu.Borzova, PhD (History)
“BRICS - Africa: Partnership and Cooperation” is published by the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It examines the new processes which characterize the current stage of development of the economic model of the world - the rapid growth of the economies of large developing countries, especially China and India; the formation of new rules of the game within the world economic space; changes in the structure of global production; transformation of the international trading system and others.

 

* Summary