"Asia and Africa today"
- is a scientificl monthly journal (in Russian)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Included in Russian Science Citation Index on
WoS platform, and EBSCO Publishing.
ISSN 0321-5075
Published since July 1957.

TOP PROBLEM                                    

LIBYA: ISLAMIC FACTOR AFTER QADDAFI

DOI: 10.31857/S032150750004376-5

Yuri N. ZININ, PhD (History), Leading Research Fellow, Civilizations Partnership Center, Moscow State Institute for International Relations (MGIMO-University) ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )

    The article examines a role of Islamic factor in Libya at the new post- Qaddafi era after the victory of the February Revolution.

    The collapse of state and military structures after the start of the “February 17 Revolution” in the course of an internal conflict with the participation of NATO, followed by civil strife among local armed groups led to a disrupt of the vertical of a single power and disintegration of the state. As a result, since the summer of 2014, diarchy reigns in the country with opposing "poles" of the administration. One is in Tripoli in the west and the other in Tobruk in the east, each with its own government, parliament and power block.

    The article deals mainly with background of the political Islam and its contemporary branches in this country. Islamic component during the uprising against colonel Qaddafi regime is analyzed. The article covers ongoing activations of Islamists during the last eight years, their relations with other social forces and perspectives of this phenomena in the Libyan future. A nature of arguments and rhetoric propagated by local Islamists is closely examined.

    The author esteems that within the concurrence on vision space in Libya political Islam will be henceforth present. Consequently, differentiation of trends inside this phenomenon, alignment between its moderate and extreme fractions will be going on.

    Secular-liberal thinking has not yet became an competitive power in this country due to archaic social relations and excessive religion traditions which are very strong.

Keywords: Arab spring, revolution, Islam, Qaddafi, Brothers-Moslems, NATO, Islamism, ethnic composing