"Asia and Africa today"
- is a scientificl monthly journal (in Russian)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Included in Russian Science Citation Index on
WoS platform, and EBSCO Publishing.
ISSN 0321-5075
Published since July 1957.

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DONALD TRUMP AND AFRICA. THE INITIAL STAGE
Andrey Yu. URNOV, Dr. Sc. (History), Chief Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )
    During the election campaign of 2016 and after D.Trump was elected, the majority of African politicians and observers gave pessimistic predictions about what the Black Continent could expect from his presidency. There were fears that Washington would drastically cut aid to Africa and subject it to political «marginalization».
    The article deals with African policy of the Trump Administration on the initial stage of his presidency. An attempt is made to compare this policy with that of President B.Obama, to trace both differences and similarities between them. Today the Trump Administration does not have any comprehensive African strategy of its own. It was only in September 2017, that D.Trump for the first time set forth his vision of Africa and US-Africa relations in a more or less detailed way. The major “pillars”, programs and mechanisms of the African course his Administration has to a great extent inherited from its predecessors. As it was expected, in the hierarchy of Trump’ foreign policy priorities Africa has lost the privileged position it occupied at the time of Obama.
    Nevertheless it just cannot afford to ignore the region, which is of weighty geostrategic, political and economic importance to the USA. Washington has no intention to withdraw from Africa. The article reviews the decision making process and practical steps of Trump Administration on the continent in the political, economic and military spheres. In brief are described the ways the US relations were shaped with some African countries (Egypt, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Libya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, South African Republic, South Sudan).
Keywords: D.Trump, African policy, economic assistance, military activities, terrorism, continuity   

THE TERM ‘DEMOCRACY’ AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD
BIN AMIN UMAR, Master of International Development and Master of Economics, Social Researcher & Ex-staff member, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), Melbourne, Australia ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )
    The 21st century revered the word ‘democracy’ as the key companion of civilization and modernization, while associating it only with liberal democracies. Other systems of governance were perceived as non-democratic despite this specific term being their intrinsic component.
    The author has tried to evaluate whether ‘democracy’ and democratic norms suit other systems or not; could there be ample reasons for the pursuit of non-democratic governance for the developing countries which associated their development with only ‘certain types’ of democracies, while remaining oblivious to finding similar democratic norms in so-called non-democratic models, and failing to pace up their development.